Tinnitus is not a disease but a condition in which the affected person hears sound even if it is not generated from an external source. Tinnitus is caused by different reasons and requires different treatment. The best way to treat tinnitus is in the treatment of the condition which is causing it. There are several treatments by which tinnitus can be minimized or permanently removed.
Treatment Of Tinnitus
The treatment of tinnitus can be categorized into two main types. The first is the treatment directly aimed at treating tinnitus by reducing its severity or removing it. The second is the treatment of tinnitus by eliminating its cause. There are various methods of treatment for both of the types:
Pharmacotherapy (Medicine Therapy)
The prescription and the usage of medicine is the most dominant and quick treatment of tinnitus, and the medication for the treatment is already available. There are several types of therapy for tinnitus treatment, including both oral and external use. Although Pharmacotherapy is considered an effective and quick way to get relief from tinnitus, it is not considered a proper or permanent solution because the medicine the patients are taking may have side effects.
Also, only the symptom is treated in this type of treatment and not the actual cause, which is not recommended. Also, there are cases in which the quitting of medicine caused tinnitus to recur and made it worse.
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Behavioral therapy is the counseling of a patient in avoiding tinnitus and making the best out of it. It includes teaching and counseling patients by teaching them to take their condition in a more positive way than a negative way. This type of therapy includes adapting patients to bear tinnitus by helping them minimize their activities, try to relax when the tinnitus is intense, increase their healthy activities, and try to remain busy and working when their tinnitus is not so fierce. Behavioral therapy also includes diverting the mind by producing relaxing audio and visual effects.
Sound therapy is focused on the treatment of tinnitus by sound generation. These types of treatment include the sound of streams, waters, and winds to minimize the effects of tinnitus. This type of sound therapy is focused on converting the unbearable screeching or buzzing sound into a more pleasant sound of streams or wind, which are easy to ignore. Good therapy generally employs sounds that do not have meaning, such as music or too heavy sound, which may distract the patient from focusing on external sounds.
The sounds are applied evenly to both ears to avoid unbalancing, and simple headphones can do this to state-of-the-art machinery.
A hearing aid is also another essential tool to treat tinnitus among patients who have suffered from hearing loss. TheThe hearing aid aims to amplify the external sounds, which will mask the tinnitus. However, the hearing aid is not so effective in minimizing the tinnitus sound, which has a frequency above 6000 Hz, because the hearing aid cannot amplify the sound of this frequency. Many patients with tinnitus can easily or to some extent hear the sound of low frequencies, which should be kept in mind when deciding the hearing aids for the patients.
Music therapy is another form of treatment for tinnitus among patients who have suffered from loud music or dental sound blasts. Music therapy uses a special kind of music that has been modified to the patient’s hearing conditions. This therapy aims to produce the destructive interference of sound, which will minimize the effect of tinnitus sounds. The significant advantage of this treatment is that it can treat sounds higher than the frequency of 5000 Hz, where the hearing aid seems to fail.
Tinnitus Retraining Therapy
It is a lengthy treatment process of tinnitus and requires extreme patience and experience as a consultant. This type of therapy is generally 18 to 24 months long, and the results are uncertain. It is mainly used to treat tinnitus caused by brain trauma or disorder. There are two portions of treatment in this type.
The first is the retraining in which it is taught that tinnitus is just a neutral sound with no threatening or pathological effects. The second is sound therapy, in which the signal strengths of tinnitus sound are decreased by habituation at unconscious levels. However, this is a long process and should be done with expert care.
Massage and stretching
Tinnitus caused by the neck, head, or dental disorder can be minimized or removed by massaging and stretching muscles and joints. Patients with the conditions of somatic tinnitus can be treated by massaging and stretching of forces which could help in the sound reduction coming from these sources. This type of treatment also includes the injection of lidocaine in the muscles near the ears, which helps reduce tinnitus.
The cochlea of ear cells based on tinnitus can be reduced or removed by using this type of treatment which includes a pulse of 5000 electrical signals per second into the ear to reach the cochlea. This type of treatment treats tinnitus caused by electrochemical disturbance inside the ear.
Tinnitus can cause as a result of various diseases, trauma, injury, or accident. A brain disorder can also cause tinnitus. Depending upon the cause of tinnitus, different treatments aim to remove the tinnitus or decrease its severity permanently. There are also active and passive treatments which include the treatments or avoiding the conditions. The most common treatment for tinnitus is pharmacotherapy which provides for medical treatment, whether oral or external, but these medications should not be used without medical assistance.