It is important to understand that HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is indeed a severe illness that weakens the immune system, making people more susceptible to certain other diseases and infections. Once HIV has progressed to the last stage of the disease, AIDS becomes life-threatening. Generally speaking, once a person develops HIV, the virus remains in their body for the rest of their lives. HIV symptoms, on the other hand, differ from the symptoms of other viral illnesses, including that they manifest themselves in phases. It is necessary to consider the HIV test in Delhi as soon as possible if you have any doubts.
If the infection is not treated, the sickness that results from it progresses through three stages. Each has a unique set of symptoms and consequences that might arise. On the other hand, consistent antiretroviral therapy can lower HIV concentrations in the body to low or undetectable. Thus, there will be no progression of HIV infection towards the later stages, nor will the virus be passed to another person during sex.
Symptoms and Timeline
HIV is a virus that causes the immune system to deteriorate gradually. If left untreated, it proceeds through three phases over the course of time. Several factors influence the course of the procedure, including drugs, age, & general wellbeing. Here are the symptoms and timeline that you must know before you consider an HIV test in Delhi.
Stage 1: Acute
One or two months after being infected, some patients have flu-like symptoms. This stage is known as the acute stage. These signs and symptoms usually disappear in a week to a month. You may have fever, aches, and sickness within the first 2-4 weeks after already being infected with HIV. The flu-like signs you’re experiencing are your body’s first response to HIV infection. Because there is a large amount of the virus in the system at this period, it is extremely simple to distribute HIV to other individuals. The symptoms endure for only a few weeks, and after that, you are unlikely to experience them again for several years.
Here’s what you must know about the HIV symptoms and timeline
- ulcers in the mouth
- muscle or joint pain
- night sweats
- skin rashes
- a sore throat
- a fever
If you are noticing these symptoms, then it is time for an HIV test in Delhi from the best lab available near you.
Stage 2: Clinical Latency Stage (HIV Dormancy)
After such an acute infection, the virus goes into hibernation, and the individual resumes his or her typical activities. HIV infection can progress to this stage over a period of around eight to ten years on average, but this can vary depending on the individual and the HIV strain involved. AIDS has been observed to develop for as few as 3 years in the case of a severe HIV strain that was only recently discovered.
Although the virus is dormant, it continues to reproduce vigorously throughout this time. It infects and destroys important infection-fighting cells, a kind of white blood cell known as CD4 cells or T helper cells, which are essential in the battle against infection (T cells). However, despite the absence of symptoms, the individual is infectious and has the potential to transmit HIV to others from the mechanisms. For confirming this stage or knowing the real cause of such symptoms, you can book an HIV test here.
The clinically latent infection can develop into the third and ultimate stage of HIV infection, known as AIDS. If a person with HIV is not getting or sticking to therapy, including such antiretroviral medication, the likelihood of the disease progressing is increased.
HIV may have advanced to its ultimate stage if CD4 counts fall below 200 cells per cubic millimeter (mm3) of blood, which is one sign. The typical range is 500 to 1,600 cells per millimeter of space (mm3).
The presence of AIDS may be determined solely by an individual’s general well-being. AIDS develops once HIV has severely compromised the immune system, and this can result in AIDS-defining circumstances, including certain serious infections that are uncommon in individuals who do not have HIV.
- chronic diarrhea
- night sweats
- a persistent cough
- a fever
- regular infections
- problems affecting the skin, mouth, or both
- weight loss
The only method to determine whether or not you carry HIV is to undergo an HIV test. Several medical organizations urge that all patients between the ages of 18 and 75 years old get regular voluntary HIV tests in Delhi as a standard component of their medical care. Because roughly one in every seven HIV-positive individuals is completely unaware that they will have the virus, this is a significant problem.
The much more successful method is to begin taking antiretroviral medicine as quickly as possible and to continue taking it consistently as directed.
In addition to maintaining a healthy immune system, antiretroviral medication nearly eliminates the danger of spreading a virus to others.
If a person obtains a diagnosis as quickly as possible with an HIV test in Delhi, they will be able to begin therapy sooner. Timely treatment to improve a person’s perspective as well as reduce the chance of the virus spreading to others in the community.