Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on Power Grid
The energy area is confronting a radical shift towards a greener future. While conventional energy creation is steadier, renewables are unpredictable and energy creation turns out to be less unsurprising. The concurrent ascent of electric vehicles brings up issues about the limit of the electrical framework. As a matter of fact, EVs are not a danger but instead large batteries of wheels.
While electric vehicle charging have become mainstream, the issue regarding whether and how we should charge them remains a point of contention. There are arguments both for charging with electricity from renewable sources and even more so for using plug-in vehicles like battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) or hydrogen fuel cells (HFCs). It is important to understand that BEVs need a lot more energy than BICs do, so in most instances, they require much more electricity to charge themselves, and therefore, should be charged at a lower rate. However, due to our country’s dependence on nuclear power, one can only afford to use HFCs while EVs should not be encouraged to make the switch at all costs.
Role of Electric vehicles charging:
Electric vehicles charging can create an important role in contributing towards sustainability. As mentioned earlier, many countries around the world have already started making plans to develop zero-carbon economies. Such will include developing nations like China which is aiming to achieve its first carbon neutral society by 2030. One country that has been successful in this regard is South Korea. The nation started offering EV charging as early as 2014, and it is estimated that 1 million new people have obtained their own B-segment EVs within 12 months. This has enabled the nation to increase its fleet from around 35,000 units to almost 200,000 units just since then. In addition, in January 2020, South Korea was the first country in Asia to introduce solar panels for B-segment, allowing commuters to take advantage of the benefits offered through the technology. While there have been some initial setbacks with increasing the price of gasoline, the country has quickly adjusted itself. In 2017 alone, it set out to reduce its national emissions by half compared to 1990 levels, having achieved this goal in 2018, just two years. Today, South Korea ranks the second highest among industrialized nations when it comes to greenhouse gas emission per capita. According to Global Data, South Korea have the lowest carbon emissions per person relative to other OECD countries. The reason is because of its focus on developing a zero-carbon economy. For example, it has launched a program to provide free education on low carbon technologies such as biofuels, advanced coal mining processes and water technology. Furthermore, it established the Energy Transition Center in Seoul and the National Institute of Electro Circuits and Electronics (NICE) in Suwon, both aimed at promoting low carbon technologies.
Reducing global warming:
More and more consumers are becoming aware about climate change; however, some still think EVs are too expensive, high maintenance costs and too dangerous. The argument regarding Electric vehicles charging is very clear here. Many of them have claimed that EVs are either too expensive or very unpredictable. Some argue that these vehicles are a big threat to the environment, simply because they consume a huge amount of electricity, but, in fact, it is their ability to produce noxious fumes that cause problems. As such, Electric vehicles charging must contribute to reducing global warming, which takes place mostly via nitrous oxide, otherwise known as NOx gas, which is produced from combustion engines. A recent study by the World Data Bank revealed that a single kilometer driven by an average petrol car emits over 70 kilograms of ozone every year. Meanwhile, a Tesla Model 3 can produce up to 5 tons of particulates, which may be released into the air around the driver, or the surrounding area. So far though, neither the US Supreme Court nor any court of appeal has ruled against plug-in vehicles. This is likely the case until a major case is made in September 2022.
The impact of EV charging station load on the reliability of the distribution network was analyzed for all the cases mentioned in Table 3. The results of this analysis are reported in this sub-section. The failure rate, repair rate and outage duration of the system for increased load demand were computed based on unitary method
It is estimated that the cost of installing the EV chargers will be between $20,000 and $60,000, and that the installation process could last 10 to 15 years. Even if you want to get your money back on your investment after purchasing the car, you will need to pay around the same amount of money. In order to avoid the risk of lawsuits, governments should allow automakers and others to offer EVs, without taking away the incentives they offer today and allow drivers a return on their investment.
As efforts continue to promote transportation electrification, it is important to understand the possible effects of electric vehicle charging on the grid, especially as higher power levels of charging become more prevalent. Even if the total electric vehicle market share remains limited, groups of high adoption can greatly affect specific sites, such as big box stores in urban areas. While it is important to understand the possible effects of fast charging at these retail sites, there is little adequate literature to date regarding the energy demands of nonresidential.
We must also help keep the planet cleaner in the future. With this said, EVs do not seem to be a good option. They should be used sparingly, instead of trying to reduce their environmental footprint. Moreover, the government should consider including alternative fuels such as hydrogen or natural gas, especially in heavy industries, such as heavy electric motors and industrial machinery that rely heavily on fossil fuels. Also, EVs should be banned in airports, public parks, buses and other places where air pollution is a concern. Lastly, we need to push forward in efforts to address the COVID, and support those people who lost loved ones to the virus due to accidents or other reasons.