Periodontal tissue is what keeps our teeth in their sockets. If this tissue gets infected and inflamed, it can cause gum bleeding and even infect the jaw bones when the disease gets to its advanced stages. This can be very debilitating for the patient and can affect regular activities like eating, can make you lose your teeth, and require extensive surgical treatment.
This is why it is important to prevent any gum disease from progressing to this stage. Early detection and treatment of gum diseases can protect the overall health of the oral cavity. Cleaning the teeth surface at home and your regular dental visits can prevent plaque formation, which is the primitive reason for gum inflammation occurring in the first place.
Gum diseases can occur at any age but the risk progressively increases with age. As we age, the need to visit our dentist every 6 months increases even more.
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Tips for taking care of your gums at home
Once the gum starts to show signs of inflammation, we need treatment at the dental clinic. However, we can prevent plaque from forming in the first place by practicing the following dental hygiene practices every day at our home:
- Twice a day brushing with fluoridated toothpaste. Each brushing session should be at least 2 minutes long and should cover all the surfaces of teeth.
- Avoid smoking or chewing tobacco products and even avoid the use of e-cigarettes.
- Use dental floss to clean the interdental space at least once every day.
- Use mouthwash to get rid of any remains of food from the corners of the mouth that could not get cleaned during brushing and flossing.
- Eating a balanced diet is important in maintaining oral as well as gut health. Excess consumption of sugary products can increase your chances of getting gum diseases and dental cavities.
Lastly, never miss your regular sessions with your dentist as cleaning at dental offices can get rid of plaque at a very early stage and prevent the development of calculus, which is difficult to remove with regular brushing.
Prevention and treatment of gum diseases at the dental clinic
Prevention is the first step towards maintaining healthy gums and at dental clinics it is done by regular cleaning at least twice a year.
Initial gum disease results in inflammation of the gingival tissue surrounding the teeth and is called gingivitis. Your gums will appear red, swollen, and might bleed while brushing. You might also start to smell bad persistently.
It is at this stage that you must visit your dentist for a thorough scaling of plaque and root planing. This might be completed in a single visit or may require you to visit a few times. However, if the disease progresses to the advanced stage, it may require even more extensive scaling, debridement, and root planing.